Astronomy Research

This investigation is expanded in Chapters 9 and 10 of “Official Stories”

A Story-Telling Species

Open a science textbook, and you will be greeted by this notion:

“First there was nothing…which exploded, or expanded, and became everything.”

This is called “big bang theory.” But it is not a theory. It fails the tests of what a true ‘science’ demands – it is not testable, reproducible or observable in experiment. It fails its own predictions.

It is, in sum, not a scientific idea. It is, in fact, a myth. And it sits in the throne at the head of the sciences – the Queen of the Sciences – astronomy. This rotten idea oozes downward through the layers of science beneath it – physics, chemistry, biology – covering all of what remains in dreck and confusion.

Why does a myth reside where a science should live? Why is there a “big bang theory?”

How does an idea come to be? Ideas come through people. Let’s ask the question: “Who invented ‘big bang’ theology?”

Answer: Georges Lemaître – a mathematician, and a priest. A Monseigneur, in fact, in the Catholic Church. A man who came to his vocation with a pre-existing script, a prior myth or story operating in his conscious and sub-conscious mind.

“First there was nothing…then there was everything.”

But why do we believe that there is such a thing as a ‘beginning’ of the universe? Can we see a beginning? Or do we simply desire a beginning of the story?

We are a story-telling species. All stories have a beginning, a middle and an end. The desire to know all parts is so great in us that we don’t mind creating the parts we cannot see or fathom, out of whole cloth.

Big bang theory is a model that cannot be tested – but for the sake of story-telling, it works perfectly. It is Genesis, remade with with just enough mathematical filligree:

“First there was darkness on the face of the deep; The Lord said, let there be light, and there was light, and it was good.”

“First there was nothing, which became everything.”

Same story.

Now, what’s really happening out there in space?

The Madness of Gravity

In the 17th Century, Isaac Newton proposed that an invisible force held the moon to the Earth, and the planets to the Sun. “Isaac, you’re crazy,” said his peers. “There is no invisible rope holding the moon to the Earth! That would resemble magic – and we are men of math and logic.”

And then Newton correctly described and predicted the trajectory of the moon around the Earth – and named the force that held it there – gravity. And his peers said, “Hurrah! Of course there is an invisible force holding the moon to the Earth, and the planets to the Sun!”

But Newton was clear in his thinking – “I frame no hypotheses,” he wrote, as to the cause of gravity. He observed the force, but did not know the source. And he did not pretend otherwise.

The Weakest Possible Notion

The force of gravity is weak – surprisingly so. You, grasping a cup or pen in front of you, can overpower the force of the entire planet on the object, and lift it in defiance of gravity. If you could build a stairway as high as the Earth’s atmosphere, (and you had a pressurized, oxygenated suit), you could walk out of the planet’s grasp.

Gravity is a weak force – it falls off quickly between two large bodies – at the square of the distance in inversion. Two distance measures becomes not half as weak, but one quarter the strength. Four becomes one sixteenth. 2 – 1/4. 4 – 1/16th. 8 – 1/64th, and so on.

Three quarters of a century later, the kindly Professor of Königsberg, Prussia, Immanuel Kant, built a ‘thought experiment’ based on Newton’s concept of gravity. Kant (and his peer Pierre LaPlace) decided that the solar system must have accumulated by the weak force of gravity, acting on dust and gas in an empty space.

Dust and gas, pulled together by a force that falls off with exponential weakness, forming ever-burning plasma fires in the sky, and the planets that circle them – is this testable? Is it reproducible? Is it observable?

Newton, Kant, LaPlace all lived in the era before humans put lightning in a bottle. Before electricity. Their model of the universe and solar system was limited by what they did not know – the electrical force.

- Left – An artist’s rendition of how the galaxy formed. Dust swirled around and became planets. This is NASA’s current best scientific theory. Right – Immanuel Kant, NASA Engineer

Plasma – You’re Soaking In It

The universe is not made of nothings which explode; it is made, as are all things in it, of material – charged particles. Atoms and molecules which lose and gain electrons, and trade in them, creating electrical flow; and magnetic currents in space.

There are names for these currents, these rivers of plasma – Birkeland currents, Langmuir sheaths, double layers, magnetic pinches – all properties of charged plasmas, which are visible in the shape and energy signatures of nebulae, quasars and galaxies.

The universe is not an empty dead thing, it is not a hollow nothing in which ‘gravity’ exerts its weak force on objects, calls upon ‘black holes’ and ‘dark matter,’ and other make believe monsters invented by astronomers to make what doesn’t work – ‘big bang theory’ – make some semblance of sense.

The universe is powered electrically – the universe is an electromagnetic plasma, with more current running through a tiny fragment than we have figured out how to generate on earth in our modern era.

– Electrical currents in space

The electromagnetic force is exponentially stronger than the force of gravity, and it doesn’t emerge from large super-objects in space; it’s carried in the plasma current. The EM force is, at its maximum, about 10 to the 39th power stronger than gravity. It is a thousand trillion trillion trillion times stronger. Even in a dispersed plasma, where particles are far apart, the EM force is exponential magnitudes stronger than gravity.

It is the EM force which pulls stars together, and powers the electrical currents flowing through space. The EM force does more than attract, however, it separates, forms layers, divides, creates cell walls; it holds streams apart into distinct currents and cellular structures – precisely as today’s most powerful telescopes are able to see throughout the universe.

So What’s The Hold Up?

NASA scientists, who should delight in these discoveries, instead turn an icy shoulder to the electric universe, and remain dutiful servants to the 17th and 18th Century wind-up gravity models they inherited from Newton, Kant and LaPlace.

You couldn’t wake them if you tried – so it is up to all of us to do the work for them. Learn about plasma, the fourth – and most powerful state of matter. Read about the electric universe. Ask yourself the questions:

What are stars? Planets? Galaxies? What is weather? How are planets born? How do they develop, grow, change? How does it all work?

Ask questions… open your mind, expand your thinking, and read on…

Read and discuss in the cosmology blogs:

Plate Tectonics – Earth Science:

And here are some outside links to explore the topic – The Structure of Space:

The Shape of the Earth:




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