Extra! Extra! “Mainstream Newspaper Reports on Failures of Geo-physics; Skeptic Magazine, and Scientific Elite Get Big, Big Wedgie and Have Fit, and Scream and Call People Names, As Science Demands.”
How in the World…
Late last year, the Japan Times allowed its readers inside of one of the gigantic-ist fist-de-cuffs in the sciences as they pondered the question – Where did Milwaukee come from?
But not just Milwaukee – all of North America – and South America too! And even…Sri Lanka!
And that is the question: How did the Continents that we live on get to where they are today? Were they always as they are now? Have they moved? And if so, how did they do it? And why?
The Japan Times gives voice to a difference of opinion in the sciences, each representing ancient philosophical points of view.
The Ancient Argument
Two ideas have provided answers to the human imagination since time immemorial:
1. Things have pretty much always been this way. Nothing changes very much at all, and nothing changes quickly. God and/or Nature does not make leaps (or do anything to upset priests and scientists). Call it “Uniformitarianism.”
2. “Panta Rei” – Everything is Flux, (and that is the way of things, and the creative process, and even the Creator, however you name it).
The first idea has been the most popular with governments and churches and financial institutions, because their job is generally to take your money, and tell you that it’s good for you that they do so. And in order to do this, they have to tell you that everything is going to be alright, and it’s all under control.
The second idea is where reality makes its home. Everything changes. And that idea is…unsettling. And it does not speak easily of well-established anythings, but of a world and a universe which is inventive, expansive, and thinking, changing, creating….and destroying.
So, there have been two ideas of Earth’s formation:
1. It was always like this, just as it was made.
2. It has changed.
The Absolutely Truthful and Factual Scientific Mainstream Theory
The current “true and scientific” textbook-approved idea tells us calmly and assuredly that the Earth has always been the same size. The Earth does not grow, nor does it shrink. (This is very important to remember, because it is a “fact”).
But…the continents DO move.
That is, Africa/Europe and North-South America were once neighbors. More than neighbors…Oh, let’s just tell it like it is – They were living happily together, nous deux…And then….they grew apart.
– Reasons for the break-up: “I understand they just wanted to see other people.” “They seemed so happy together!” “It’s such a shame. I heard she was tired of his colonial oppression.” “Can you blame her? Did you ever hear the way he talked! Worse than Mel Gibson!” (please feel free to insert your Africa-America break-up joke here. Prizes will be given at the door, as you head to the parking lot. Remember to tip your waitress, and watch for bears, we’ve had some problems).
So, they “drifted apart.” Yes, tens of thousands of miles of deep thick massive continent set sail for parts unknown, over and over again. Seem strange? Well, it is a “fact,” so you are allowed to think it…and must believe that it’s true…But it wasn’t always so.
In truth, this very theory was once violently rejected by the scientific elite: “Impossible!” They screamed! “We can discover no mechanism that would make this so! Continents do not MOVE!!”
And as all good scientists do, they buried the notion for fifty years and called it “debunked, discredited and disgraced!”
And then they accepted it. But only after the originator of the hypothesis (poor Alfred Wegener) had died a lonely death on expedition in farthest Greenland, taking measurements, doing actual observational field work (if you can believe such a thing), trying to find evidence for his theory. And fifty years was about enough time for everyone to forget that it was the same elite that now claimed his work, who had decades earlier buried his research, before he was in actuality, deceased.
What made them change their minds?
War! What is it good for? Making new stuff, that’s what.
Undersea radar developed to hunt submarines during WWII gave oceanographers images of the deep sea floor. And they discovered that oceans, all over the world, are divided and demarcated by thousands and thousands of miles of volcanic ridges – fissures in the planet where the Earth upwells hot material and builds underwater mountains. Which they think look about like this:
“Golly, it sure looks like you could slide these continents right smack back together…don’t it?”
They’ve since dated the rocks in the picture, using magnetic changes as clocks, and colored them to show what’s new and what’s old. They now believe that the growth at ridges not only goes up, but also out – and pushes the oceans further apart. And so they’ve decided that the Earth is, in fact growing. (And now they get to ignore researchers who say that the ocean floor dating is not accurate – but that’s science!)
And so, “facts change.”
But, remember, the Earth cannot grow, because this is a scientific fact. And so, while they embraced ocean growth whole-heartedly, they also re-wrote the theory.
Because if the Earth were believed to be growing….well…It can’t be. Because that would just ruin EVERYTHING! Not only in the earth sciences, but in physics, chemistry – even in religion. If the Earth grows – if planets grow – then…gosh….Everything we think, or have thought about our place in the universe has to be re-examined. The universe grows, is creative, expansive…alive…??
No small thing. And not something anybody in the taxpayer-funded, ego-driven, reductionist sciences really wants to encourage. And so, the Earth does not grow. (And that’s a “fact” that must be defended).
The Hungry, Hungry Earth
The scientific elite embraced the idea of “expanding oceans,” and invented a model which would make sure that the Earth stayed the same size – in theory. They called it “subduction,” and it goes like this:
The continents would sit on the ocean’s floor (which is made of miles-thick dense, hard basalt), and this basalt would be EATEN – chewed up, sucked down into the bowels of the Earth – at precisely the same rate as it is created along those 70,000 KM of ocean ridges. Yep, it would be crunched under, masticated, and dropped into the depths of the planet – the mantle . (Where no one can ever check up on it, to see what is really happening. Very flexible data is ‘interpreted’ to fit the current model – and when it doesn’t fit with the model? Well, you’ll see).
– Super-flexy conveyor belt of scientific truth and factuality! (Actual planet may not resemble model. See your local agent for details).
In fact, these “subduction zones” have to be three times more destructive than the Earth is creative. That is, they must eat the planet’s 10 to 40 mile thick plates of ocean-wide rock three times faster than the ocean ridges can make them – because there are three times more ocean ridges than there are subduction zones. Go figure! That’s some craaazy planet!
So crazy, in fact, that the blighted Wikipedia – where the scientific elite posts their edicts – has to say the following:
“Earth is the only planet where subduction is known to occur. Without subduction, plate tectonics could not exist.” [Wikipedia: “Subduction”]
Hey, that sounds reasonable, doesn’t it? (Does it matter that other planets do seem to grow?) Nope! Because Earth is special. Just like the Pope told Galileo. Special! And that’s science – true, factual, honest, and never arrogant. Never!
The Changing Truth
But, oh, sadness, sadness! Malheureusement, things have never gone well for this model, and most of these zones don’t really ‘subduct’ anymore.
What happened? Well, the model has changed, you see, because the model wasn’t working out. It wasn’t making accurate predictions, so they had to…change it. They couldn’t get RID of it! Don’t be absurd! Because the Earth cannot change size! Which is the most important thing, after all.
So here’s how it goes now: They’ve added something called “Flat Subduction,” which means that the big plates of Earth’s crust aren’t really “eaten” anymore, they just sort of ‘slide under’ the continents.
This is from a web posting by a Ph.D. candidate who is having to adjust her thesis model using the ‘flat subduction’ approach. It leads to…spectacularly speculative inferences:
“A resurgence in this magmatism resulted from more changes in the subduction geometry; in one model, the down going Farallon plate began to steepen again at ~40 Ma, allowing for more decompression melting and magmatism under the western United States; and in another model, only part of the plate steepens (like ripping a part of a sheet of paper in half, keeping one half horizontal and pulling the other down).
This model suggested that the “rip” or warp in the plate propagated south as the plate subducted, which accounts for the patterns of volcanic deposits produced during this interval (moving south and west-to-east at the same time). The second idea also explains the lack of volcanism south of the igneous “front” by having the steeply-dipping portion of the down going plate on the north side of the front, and the gently-dipping plate to the south.”
– Flexi-Tearable Split Paper Rubber Rox – It’s Science!
Ever see stone do that? (Me neither). But, it’s a “factual” theory, not “pseudo-science.” Can you tell the difference?
I’m going to take a walk later, and see if I can rip the road gently into two long strips, because I’d like one side of the road to go more steeply downhill, as it would make for a more exciting jaunt. It’s a scientifically factual possibility, after all.
Our Squiggly Play-Doh Planet
And so, it remains a “proven fact” that the Earth has always been the same size, and that the continents with their 400 to 600 kilometer deep solid granite roots have somehow split up and gotten back together, over and over again through inferred Earth history. They move, they shuck, they split, they jive, they squirm, they squiggle, they disappear and reappear.
You can watch the “factual” reconstruction, provided by National Geographic:
Hey, it’s a fact. And science doesn’t lie.
(Except when it does…which is whenever it has to protect itself from criticism and bolster a failing model…which is ever-so-slightly very very really super very often. Can I say “always?” Yes. I think I can safely say that today’s science “always” lies. But, it’s in our best interests, I’m really very slightly certain).
Let’s See What’s Behind Door Number Two
Here’s the alternative: The Continents have, in fact, stayed where they are, embedded with their 400 to 600 kilometer deep roots into the Earth, with the Earth expanding – growing – from underneath. Here’s how the artist and researcher Neal Adams presents it [Click].
Sam Carey kicked the mainstream establishment’s derriere in the 50’s and 60’s to re-examine their burial of poor Alfred Wegener’s hypothesis. He’s the reason we have this theory. But he added: The continents fit together because the planet has Grown. And the mainstream…right. Buried him.
So, good for the Japan Times, for being out of the reach, for a moment, of the Papal-Scientistic Elite, who do everything they can to kill free intellectual discourse and examination of today’s ruling theories.
And what d’ya know, say the Devil’s name, and he appears. “Skeptic” magazine, that great defender of academic “facts” is here to let everyone know how absolutely criminal it was of the foolish Japan Times to talk out of turn:
“Case in point – three articles by reporter Jeff Ogrisseg in The Japan Times about the pseudoscientific notion that the earth is growing. I understand that The Japan Times generally has a good reputation as a serious news outlet, so that lends a high profile to the nonsense Ogrisseg is spreading.
I don’t expect science journalists to be experts – just to have a working knowledge of how science functions, and some idea how to figure out which ideas have merit and which are fringe.
Ogrisseg gets everything wrong, most significantly in how he misrepresents the process of science and how consensus is achieved in science.”
“Piddly Posh!! He just gets everything wrong! Boo Hoo Hooo!! Won’t somebody stop him?! Don’t listen to the bad, bad man!”
Want to meet the scientific elite? You can tell them by their wet diapers.
So, go read the articles by Jeff Ogrisseg at the Japan Times. They are very good, fair, and honest. They are a nice introduction to the controversy, to Expanding Earth theory, and to some – and far from all – of the failings of plate tectonics/subduction theory. The writer is open-minded, curious, and critical, and in today’s academic and news climate, that qualifies as being something else – Brave.
And so, I’ve written a friendly…oh, maybe not so friendly note to the manufacturers of “fact” at Skeptic. And so can you, if they’ll post what you write. They haven’t posted mine!
And I’ll leave you to do your own reading…